Transforming Health Care Through Evidence and Collaboration
Transforming Health Care Through Evidence and Collaboration
The NIHCM Foundation is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to improving the effectiveness, efficiency and quality of America's health care system.
  • Infographics

    Since 2000, the opioid crisis has both grown in magnitude and changed in character. This new series of interactive data visualizations depicts these evolving trends.

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  • Advisory Board

    NIHCM Foundation is pleased to welcome Dr. Scott Gottlieb, Sherry Glied, PhD, and Katherine Baicker, PhD, to its distinguished Advisory Board. Their ideas and insights will advance NIHCM's mission to improve health care for millions of Americans.

    Press Release Advisory Board
  • Awards

    NIHCM Foundation hosted the 25th Annual NIHCM Awards at the Organization of American States in Washington, D.C. to recognize outstanding health care research and journalism.

    Press Release Winners Finalists
  • News

    NIHCM welcomed Secretary Azar to a meeting in March to discuss efforts by the Department of Health and Human Services to transform health care by lowering costs and improving value for patients.

  • Webinars

    As recognition of our country's mental and behavioral health challenges grows, Americans are looking for answers that will increase their happiness and well-being and prevent deaths of despair related to mental health, opioids and suicide. Our four-part webinar series delves into the research and explores innovative strategies and evidence-based solutions to lift our society from crisis.

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  • Grants

    NIHCM Foundation has awarded ten grants for health care journalism including investigative reporting, public engagement campaigns for documentaries and educational opportunities for reporters.

    Press Release All Journalism Grantees Apply for Funding
  • Grants

    NIHCM has awarded over $400,000 in grants to support seven investigator-initiated research studies on topics including value-based drug pricing and Medicaid expansion.

    Press Release All Research Grantees Apply for Funding
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Events

August 29, 2019
Early-Childhood-Webinar-Graphic

This webinar explored how high-quality early childhood education (ECE) has an enormous positive impact on lifelong health, serving as a protective factor against adult disease and disability.

August 28, 2019
Allliance-Webinar-Aug2019

During this webinar, experts shared their thoughts on what health care policy activity might be expected before the end of 2019.

In the News

September 2019
Population Health Spotlight
in-the-news 2

VALUE IN HEALTH CARE: What's Behind Variation in Physicians' Use of Non-Recommended Services in Oncology Care?

Why This Study Is Important

Efforts to improve value in health care focus on reducing the utilization of services that are of low benefit, or even harmful, to patients relative to the cost of the service. This study analyzed five oncology services that the Choosing Wisely Campaign has identified as being non-recommended in order to determine (1) the extent of the unexplained variation in use of these services between physicians and (2) the persistence of overuse across patients treated by a given physician. This non-recommended care included services such as imaging to stage or monitor low-risk breast or prostate cancers and long courses of palliative radiation for bone metastases. Additional analyses considered whether overuse is influenced by physician ownership of imaging equipment or by the radiation treatment setting. Better understanding of physicians' overuse of low-value services can help to inform value-oriented initiatives.

What This Study Found

  • There is extensive variation between physicians in the use of non-recommended oncology services.
  • A cancer patient was more likely to receive a specific non-recommended service if the prior patient treated by his/her physician for the same condition had received the non-recommended service.
  • Physician ownership of imaging equipment was associated with a higher likelihood of using this equipment to provide some of the non-recommended services.

What These Findings Mean

  • Overuse of these low-value cancer services may be physician specific, and many care decisions appear to be driven more by physician habits and preferences than tailored to individual patient circumstances.
  • Efforts to address overuse should consider that overuse is concentrated among physicians who practice in repetitive ways, relatively uninfluenced by patient characteristics. Physician-focused interventions targeting consistent high users will be an important complement to Choosing Wisely strategies aiming to educate patients to question their physicians about the need for identified low-value care.

More About This Study

This study used SEER cancer registry data linked with Medicare enrollment and claims files from 2004 through 2012. Relevant cohorts of patients over age 65 were identified for each study service, and each patient was assigned to the physician most likely to be his or her primary decision maker for the service in question. Physicians' patients in a give cohort were ordered chronologically by date of service or diagnosis.

The existence of unexplained physician-level variation in service use was determined using a logit model rating the patient's probability of service use to demographic and clinical characteristics and a random effect for the patient's assigned physician. Logistic regressions controlling for patient characteristics and a variable capturing the treatment given to the physicians prior patient in the cohort provided the estimates of persistence of service use across patients. Some analyses were repeated to add controls for the physician ownership of imaging equipment and radiation therapy setting.

Full Citation

Lipitz-Snyderman A, Sima CS, Atoria CL, et al. “Physician-Driven Variation in Non-Recommended Services Among Older Adults With Cancer.” JAMA Internal Medicine, Published online August 15, 2016.

For more information about this study, contact Dr. Allison Lipitz-Snyderman at snyderma[at]mskcc.org.
For more information about the NIHCM Foundation Investigator-Initiated Research Grant Program, contact Dr. Julie Schoenman at 202-296-4426.

Read More

Allison Lipitz-Snyderman and colleagues have shed new light on why cancer patients receive non-recommended care. Their study, supported by a NIHCM research grant, finds that use of low-value services is driven by physician preference, with little influence from the particular characteristics of a given patient.

Events

August 29, 2019
Early-Childhood-Webinar-Graphic

This webinar explored how high-quality early childhood education (ECE) has an enormous positive impact on lifelong health, serving as a protective factor against adult disease and disability.

August 28, 2019
Allliance-Webinar-Aug2019

During this webinar, experts shared their thoughts on what health care policy activity might be expected before the end of 2019.

In the News

September 2019
Population Health Spotlight
in-the-news 2

Grants

Journalism GrantsJournalism Grant Program

We are no longer accepting letters of inquiry for the 2019-2020 round of grantmaking. NIHCM will notify grant winners in November 2019.

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Investigator-Initiated Research Grant Program

We are no longer accepting letters of inquiry for the 2019-2020 round of grantmaking. A small number of applicants will be invited to submit a full proposal in September.

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Awards

Winners Named in the 25th Annual Research and Journalism Awards

Winners Announcment 2018 1

Congratulations to all of the winners of the 25th Annual NIHCM Foundation Research and Journalism Awards! The winners and finalists were honored at a banquet in Washington, DC, in May.

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