Research Grants

Funding For:

Making Primary Care Count: Intended and Unintended Consequences of the Evaluation & Management Payment Change

Health Care Reform


Hannah Neprash, University of Minnesota

Grant Period:

Jan 01, 2022 - Dec 31, 2022



Summary of the Project:

This study will investigate the impact of the E&M payment changes implemented in the Medicare program in January 2021 on beneficiary access to primary care and specialty services, total Medicare spending, the distribution of payments between specialists and primary care physicians, physician labor supply decisions and the complexity level coded for billed visits. Findings will inform discussions about the budget neutrality of the payment change and the relationship between payment, access to care and clinical workforce adequacy.

Grantee Publications

February 28, 2023

Association of Evaluation and Management Payment Policy Changes With Medicare Payment to Physicians by Specialty

Learn More

Author: Hannah T. Neprash, PhD1, Ezra Golberstein, PhD, Ishani Ganguli, MD, MPH, Michael E. Chernew, PhD