Research Grants

Funding For:

Selected Market Failures in Health Care: Analyzing the Scope, Causes, and Potential Solutions

Health Care Reform


Zack Cooper, Yale University

Grant Period:

Sep 01, 2016 - Dec 31, 2017



Summary of the Project:

This study will produce a series of papers aimed at describing health care market failures and analyzing potential policy solutions to address these failures. One set of papers will focus on the frequency, causes and state responses to surprise bills for out-of-network services. The second will focus on quantifying the barriers to patient shopping for health care services, including travel distance, referral physician preferences, vertical integration and lack of transparency information. Findings will provide a better understanding of these market failures and the impact of possible policy responses.

Media Coverage

July 30, 2018

"Shopping for Health Care Simply Doesn’t Work. So What Might?"

Learn More

Author: Austin Frakt, The Upshot

May 15, 2018

Envision Healthcare Infiltrated America's ERs. Now It's Facing A Backlash

Learn More

Author: Ellie Kincaid, Forbes

July 26, 2017

Surprise Bills Confound Vulnerable Patients At Emergency Rooms

Learn More

Author: Patrick Skahill, WNPR

July 26, 2017

Watch out for these surprise charges at the ER

Learn More

Author: Alessandra Malito, MarketWatch

July 26, 2017

Yale research points to Dallas company for spike in costly hospital bills

Learn More

Author: Sabriya Rice, The Dallas Morning News

July 24, 2017

The Company Behind Many Surprise Emergency Room Bills

Learn More

Author: Julie Creswell, Reed Abelson & Margot Sanger-Katz, The Upshot

Grantee Publications

January 19, 2021

"Physician Agency, Consumerism, and the Consumption of Lower-Limb MRI Scans"

Learn More

Author: Chernew M, Cooper Z, Larsen Hallock E, Scott Morton F, Journal of Health Economics

August 13, 2020

"Surprise! Out-of-Network Billing for Emergency Care in the United States"

Learn More

Author: Cooper Z, Scott Morton F, Shekita N, Journal of Political Economy

November 17, 2016

“Out-of-Network Emergency-Physician Bills – An Unwelcome Surprise”

Learn More

Author: Cooper Z, Scott Morton F, The New England Journal of Medicine